Baker’s Delight!

Today, to consolidate what we have been learning in Science lessons, we made bread.  We used a breadmaker and made 2 loaves of bread. They were identical except that the first loaf contained yeast and the second one did not.  We wanted to see, at first hand, the effect that yeast has on bread.  We have learned that yeast is a micro-organism that feeds on sugar and there is a chemical reaction that creates a gas called carbon dioxide.  The gas is what creates bubbles in the dough and makes the dough rise.  Our first loaf was taller, lighter and tastier than the second which was about half the height, quite doughy and chewy.  The photos will help you see the difference. Have you ever made bread?

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Interest in Science is on the rise in Year 5!

Experiment 1

Experiment 1

Year 5 are studying micro-organisms in Science lessons. We have been investigating yeast, a tiny living thing that can do amazing things.  We have conducted some experiments. Firstly we wanted to know what yeast needs to ‘work’ best. We set up an experiment with 4 bottles. Bottle 1 had yeast and warm water, Bottle 2 had yeast, sugar and warm water, Bottle 3 had sugar and water and Bottle 4 has sugar and yeast. We made predictions about what would happen and also observed what was happening during the experiment. After 1 hour this photo shows what had happened.It is clear that in Bottle 2 the balloon inflated faster and bigger than the rest.  After discussing our findings (and some more research) we discovered that sugar is food for the yeast and the water activates the yeast.  The reaction between the yeast, sugar and warm water creates the gas called carbon dioxide which causes the balloon to inflate.

Today we continued our investigation to see which temperature the yeast likes best.  Again, we placed yeast and sugar in bottles.  We added cold water to bottle 1 (white balloon), warm water to bottle 2 (green balloon) and boiling water to bottle 3 (red balloon). We made predictions and recorded our observations.  This is what the bottles looked like after 45 minutes. What do you think has happened in each bottle?

Experiment 2 45 mins

Experiment 2 after 45 mins

What temperature do you think yeast likes the best?

We also know that yeast is a very important ingredient in bread. We are going to make some bread soon.

Can you explain why yeast is important in breadmaking? Do our Science experiments help you to understand?

Experiment 2 after 120 minutes

Experiment 2 after 120 minutes

Year 5 rise to the challenge

In class today we made two loaves of bread.  We made them in a breadmaker and followed a recipe.  Both loaves were exactly the same except the second loaf had no yeast.  We have been learning all about yeast and know that yeast feeds on sugar and produces carbon dioxide.  We have done experiments in bottles but wanted to see the effect that yeast has on dough.  These photos show the difference.

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The loaf with yeast rose to about 13cm and it was light and airy and tasted delicious!  The second loaf was heavy, it rose to only 5cm and looked and tasted more like dough.  Even though it didn’t taste much like bread we all gobbled it up anyway!